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North American AstroPhysical Observatory (NAAPO)

Issue 12 Cover

Cosmic Search: Issue 12
(Volume 3 Number 4; Fall (Oct., Nov., Dec.) 1981)
[Miscellaneous items found throughout the magazine]

Miscellaneous Items
Webpage Table of Contents (Bookmarks)
(Internal links to categories of items in this webpage)

Information About the Publication
(Editorial Board, Editors, Table of Contents)

Graphic of Cosmic Search Logo

COSMIC SEARCH - an international, interplanetary, interstellar, intergalactic magazine

Editors, and Others Involved in the Publication

Editor: John Kraus, Director, Ohio State University Radio Observatory

Contributing Editors:
   Robert S. Dixon, Ohio State University
   Frank D. Drake, Cornell University
   David Swift, University of Hawaii
   Robert H. VanHorn, Bell Telephone Laboratories (retired)

Assistants: Alice Kraus, Pene Curmode, Hazel Snyder, Jane Reed

Staff Artist: Jim Arthur

Editorial Board

  • Richard Berendzen, President, The American University
  • John Billingham, Director SETI Program, NASA-AMES Research Center
  • Ronald Bracewell, Director, Radio Astronomy Observatory, Stanford University
  • Arthur C. Clarke, Sri Lanka, author of "2001, A Space Odyssey"
  • Norman Cousins, Chairman, Editorial Board, SATURDAY REVIEW
  • Frank D. Drake, Director, National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center (Arecibo), Cornell University
  • Donald S. Hall, Director, Strasenburgh Planetarium, Rochester, New York; Past President, International Planetarium Society
  • Theodore M. Hesburgh, President, University of Notre Dame
  • Nikolai Kardashev, Space Research Institute, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, USSR
  • Philip Morrison, Physics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Bernard Oliver, Vice President, Hewlett-Packard Company; Director of NASA-Ames Cyclops Project
  • Cyril Ponnamperuma, Director, Laboratory of Chemical Evolution, University of Maryland
  • Martin Rees, Director, Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge University, England
  • Carl Sagan, Director, Laboratory for Planetary Studies, Cornell University
  • Walter Sullivan, Science Editor, New York Times
  • Vasevolod R. Troitsky, Radiophysical Scientific Research Institute, Gorky, USSR
  • Sebastian von Hoerner, National Radio Astronomy Observatory


The name COSMIC SEARCH is a registered trademark.

COSMIC SEARCH is published quarterly (Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall) by Cosmic-Quest, Inc. Copyright © 1981 by Cosmic-Quest, Inc. All rights reserved. Cosmic Quest, Inc., is a non-profit educational-scientific organization.

Opinions expressed by persons writing in COSMIC SEARCH are their own and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the editorial staff.

Subscription price: $10 for 4 issues in U.S. (and possessions), $13 elsewhere. Single copies: $2.50 in U.S. (and possessions), $3 elsewhere.

Address subscriptions and all other correspondence to: Radio Observatory, Box 293, Delaware, Ohio 43015.

Second-class postage is paid at Delaware, Ohio, and at additional mailing offices.

Note to subscribers: The last digits of the top line of your address label indicate the last issue of your subscription.

Front Cover

Karl Jansky, his antenna and our galaxy. Story on page 8.

Front Cover Image

Table of Contents (in magazine)

"Martian Safari" by Dorothy Wills4
"When the Brightest Is the Farthest" by Frank D. Drake7
"The First 5-Years of Radio Astronomy, Part 1: Karl Jansky and His Discovery of Radio Waves from Our Galaxy" by John Kraus8
"Knowledge Is Our Destiny" by Robert H. Van Horn13
"Extrasolar Planetary Foundation Report" by George Gatewood15
"SETI in Japan - An Interview with Kunitomo Sakurai" by David Swift16
"Olber's Paradox" by Robert H. Van Horn20
   Editor's Statement3
   In Review14
   College Courses17
   People and Places18
   SEnTInel: "Unseen Neighbors"21
   New "Roadmap" of the Heavens22
   ABCs of Space: "I-R and U-V"24
   Cumulative Index (1979-80-81)27

Editor's Statement

With this issue COSMIC SEARCH rounds out its first three years of publication.

My original motivation in proposing COSMIC SEARCH was to generate funds to help finance scientific research at a time of dwindling state and federal support. In particular I wanted to help Robert Dixon's long-term on-going project with the big Ohio State University radio telescope looking for intelligent signals from beyond the Earth, a search that has logged more on-the-air time than any other in the western world. For years I had donated personal funds through the Ohio State University to aid this research. Naively, I thought that a magazine might help. So a number of us formed Cosmic Quest, Inc., a non- profit, scientific-educational organization, to publish COSMIC SEARCH with any income over expenses available to assist not only Dixon's work but also deserving research at other institutions as, for example, George Gatewood's at the University of Pittsburgh. But it didn't work out that way; the magazine lost $50,000 in its first two years and to continue has required a reduction in the number of pages and relying on an almost completely volunteer staff. Even so, we are still running at a loss and would not be able to keep going were it not for many generous donations.

Originally I had hoped that Bob Dixon would become editor but he did not have time so with the very first issue I assumed responsibility for editing as well as publishing and distributing the magazine, doing this as a completely voluntary effort sandwiched into an already very busy schedule.

The volunteer assistance of many people has been vital. Currently, James Arthur, Frank Drake and Robert Van Horn are helping greatly and I am counting on their continued assistance. In particular, I thank my wife, Alice, for her help without which publication would have ceased long ago.

John Kraus


COSMIC SEARCH expresses sincere thanks to the following donors who are helping to make sure that the story of SETI and mankind's future continue to be told in an interesting and factual way.

     Planetary Donors
Robert J. Allen, Blythdale, Missouri
George Austin, M.D., Loma Linda, Cal.
Donald R. Blaney, Seattle, Washington
Jane L. Brooks, Adelaide, S. Australia
Vera Buescher, Mountain View, Cal.
Jack Craig, Oregon City, Oregon
William E. Dorion, McLean, Virginia
Amahl S. Drake, Ithaca, New York
Harry Duke, Los Altos, Cal.
Harold Early, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Nancy F. Eberbach, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Hale P. Faris, San Jose, Cal.
B. Fredricksen, White Bear Lake, Minn.
Richard and Maria Gauthier, North Bay, Ontario
Paul J. Hurn, Seven Mile, Ohio
James C. Killman, Sherman, Texas
David M. Laida, Sierra Vista, Arizona
Nelson Lecklikner, Novata, Cal.
John L. Mohn, San Antonio, Texas
Arthur J. Morgan, New York, N. Y.
William Rhodes, Phoenix, Arizona
A. V. Shaver, Winchester, Virginia
Paul Simmons, Sheboygan, Wis.
Eric W. Six, Iowa City, Iowa
Rohert S. Strause, Stroudsburg, Penna.
John B. Theiss, Tucson, Arizona
Inge Bjart Torkildsen, Montiquar, France
Dennis Wildfogel, Pomona, N.J.
One Anonymous

     Stellar Donors
Jane L. Brooks, Adelaide, S. Australia
Keith Conrad, Toledo, Ohio
George L. Douglass, II, Reno, Nev.
Harold Early, Ann Arbor, Mich.
John Fadum, Boca Raton, Florida
David C. Halley, Colonial Hts., Vir.
Christopher E. Mullin, Sr., Tiburon, Calif.
Virginia Shaver, Winchester, Vir.
Paul Simmons, Sheboygan, Wis.
John Teetor, Marion, Ohio
C.L. Turnage, Camarillo, California

     Cosmic Donors
Two anonymous

COSMIC SEARCH, published by a non-profit scientific-educational organization, has been granted tax-exempt status by the Internal Revenue Service, so contributions are tax-deductible (but subscriptions are not). On a combination donation-subscription or donation-renewal, the amount over and above the magazine cost is tax deductible. For example, if a donor sends $30 (qualifying as a "Planetary Donor") and includes a two-year subscription at $18, the $12 difference is tax-deductible.

Donation categories are as follows:
     Planetary: $30 per year
     Stellar: $100 per year
     Galactic: $500 per year
     Cosmic: $1000 per year

Contributions, however, will be gratefully accepted in any amount. Checks should be made payable to Cosmic Quest, Inc., P.O. Box 293, Delaware, Ohio 43015.

Be a Friend of the Cosmic Quest


For best papers on SETI

    Category 1. Undergraduate students
    Category 2. Graduate students
    Category 3. Anyone else under 30 years of age

Papers may be on any aspect of the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI). Papers must be double-spaced typewritten with one inch margins on 81/z by 11 inch bond paper and less than 2000 words in length. Any illustrations must be clearly executed.

Authors of best papers will be given a COSMIC SEARCH AWARD of $100 and the paper will be published in COSMIC SEARCH. Authors should include their full address and telephone number. Authors should enclose a self-addressed stamped envelope if they wish to have their manuscripts returned.

Manuscripts may be submitted at any time. Their review is a continuous, on-going process. Each article received is reviewed by a special committee and if judged worthy, either in its original form or after revisions, will be given a COSMIC SEARCH AWARD. The opinion of the committee is final.

A contestant may submit and have under review only one manuscript at a time and be eligible for only one COSMIC SEARCH AWARD in one category. However, it is possible for one person to achieve COSMIC SEARCH AWARDS sequentially in each of the three categories.

Address COSMIC SEARCH AWARD Committee, Radio Observatory, P.O. Box 293, Delaware, Ohio 43015.

Previous COSMIC SEARCH Award Winners are:

"Circles of Stone and Circles of Steel" by Don Lago (Serial no. 2).
"Aliens in Our Oceans: Dolphins as Analogs" by Bruce E. Fleury (Serial no. 6).
"The Next Best Thing to Being There" by William R. Dodson (Serial no. 10).

Miscellaneous Quotes

The following quotes are not directly associated with any article.

The following three quotes were located on page 13.

"Scientists are the true driving force of civilization."
    James Burke in "Connections"

"Our passion for learning is our tool for survival."

He who knows not and knows not that he knows not is foolish.
But he who knows not and knows he knows not is wise.


Copyright © 1981-2006 Big Ear Radio Observatory, North American AstroPhysical Observatory (NAAPO), and Cosmic Quest, Inc.
Designed by Jerry Ehman.
Last modified: July 19, 2006.