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North American AstroPhysical Observatory (NAAPO)

Issue 9 Cover

Cosmic Search: Issue 9
(Volume 3 Number 1; Winter 1981)
[Miscellaneous items found throughout the magazine]

Miscellaneous Items
Webpage Table of Contents (Bookmarks)
(Internal links to categories of items in this webpage)

Information About the Publication
(Editorial Board, Editors, Table of Contents)

Graphic of Cosmic Search Logo

Editors, and Others Involved in the Publication

Editor: John Kraus, Director, Ohio State University Radio Observatory.

Co-Editor: Robert S. Dixon, Assistant Director, Ohio State University Radio Observatory

Assistants: Alice Kraus, Jim Arthur

Editorial Board

  • Richard Berendzen, President, The American University
  • John Billingham, Director SETI Program, NASA-AMES Research Center
  • Ronald Bracewell, Director, Radio Astronomy Observatory, Stanford University
  • Thomas A. Clark, NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Arthur C. Clarke, Sri Lanka, author of "2001, A Space Odyssey"
  • Norman Cousins, Chairman, Editorial Board, SATURDAY REVIEW
  • Frank D. Drake, Director, National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center (Arecibo), Cornell University
  • Robert E. Edelson, SETI Project Manager, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology
  • Donald S. Hall, Director, Strasenburgh Planetarium, Rochester, New York; Past President, International Planetarium Society
  • Theodore M. Hesburgh, President, University of Notre Dame
  • Nikolai Kardashev, Space Research Institute, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, USSR
  • Philip Morrison, Physics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Bernard Oliver, Vice President, Hewlett-Packard Company; Director of NASA-Ames Cyclops Project
  • Cyril Ponnamperuma, Director, Laboratory of Chemical Evolution, University of Maryland
  • Martin Rees, Director, Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge University, England
  • Carl Sagan, Director, Laboratory for Planetary Studies, Cornell University
  • Walter Sullivan, Science Editor, New York Times
  • Vasevolod R. Troitsky, Radiophysical Scientific Research Institute, Gorky, USSR
  • Sebastian von Hoerner, National Radio Astronomy Observatory


COSMIC SEARCH is published quarterly (Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall) by Cosmic-Quest, Inc. Copyright © 1980 by Cosmic-Quest, Inc. All rights reserved. Cosmic Quest, Inc., is a non-profit educational-scientific (tax-exempt) organization.

Subscription price: $10 for 4 issues in U.S. (and possessions), $13 elsewhere. Single copies: $2.50 in U.S. (and possessions), $3 elsewhere.

Address subscriptions and all other correspondence to: Radio Observatory, Box 293, Delaware, Ohio 43015.

Second-class postage is paid at Delaware, Ohio, and at additional mailing offices.

Opinions expressed by persons writing in COSMIC SEARCH are their own and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the editorial staff.

Front Cover

The Orion nebula, birthplace of stars. The nebula visible in this photograph is several light-years across and is part of a much larger gas and dust region containing many different kinds of chemical elements and molecules. (U.S. Navy photograph).

Front Cover Image

Table of Contents (in magazine)

SETI and the Spectral Classification of Stars
by John Bahng
Not as We Know It
by Isaac Asimov
In Which Klingons Became Chimeras
by Frank Drake
Universal Chemical Evolution
by Robert Rubin
ETI in the Classroom
by Philip Barnhart
   College Courses15
   The SEnTinel19
   ABCs of Space20
   Back Issues (Subscription and order blank)23
   In Search of Planets24

Photo Credits:

Annie J. Cannon (Shapley, Harlow, "Through Rugged Ways to the Stars," N.Y.: Charles Scribner's s Sons, 1969). Enjar Hertzsprung. Photo by D.Y. Martynov taken at 1958 Moscow meeting of the International Astronomical Union (American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library, Shapley Collection). Henry Norris Russell (American Institute of Physics Niels Bohr Library, W.F. Meggers Collection). William W. Morgan (Yerkes Observatory). Philip C. Keenan (Photo by Walter Mitchell). Representative spectra of stars in the principal spectral types (Courtesy of Perkins Observatory and Charles E. Merrill Publishing Company).

From the Editor's Kitchen Table

Continuation of the magazine, as explained in the last issue, is contingent on our holding costs below income and this required us to return to an all-volunteer staff. Because of the small staff and the need to wait until there was money on hand to pay the printing and associated costs, we fell behind schedule.

The last issue of COSMIC SEARCH (serial no. 8) was four months late, not being mailed by our printer at Fort Worth, Texas, until January 12. I expect that this issue (serial no. 9) will be about two months late but I hope that the Spring (April-May-June) 1981 issue (serial no. 10) can be on-time. Since distribution to all the contiguous 48 states by the U.S. Postal Service requires at least three weeks, this means that the issue will have to be mailed by the second week of March so as to reach most of the subscribers in the contiguous 48 states before April 1.

Of course delivery to more distant subscribers will require even more time (COSMIC SEARCH has subscribers in over 60 countries).

As a further economy, the serial no. 8 issue was reduced to 20 pages plus four page cover but more material per page was squeezed in by using smaller type and reducing margins. This issue is 24 pages plus four page cover. With subsequent issues I anticipate that it may be possible to further increase the number of pages. However, any increase in pages or a return to schedule is contingent on sufficient income from new subscriptions, renewals and contributions.

To keep the magazine going you can help by:
(1) renewing your subscriptions promptly
(2) making gift subscriptions
(3) telling others about COSMIC SEARCH and urging them to subscribe and
(4) making a gift or donation.

John Kraus

Thank You!

COSMIC SEARCH expresses sincere thanks to the following donors who are helping to make sure that the story of SETI and mankind's future continue to be told in an interesting and factual way.

     Planetary Donors
Robert J. Allen, Blythdale, Missouri (2 years)
Jane L. Brooks, Adelaide, S. Australia (2 years)
Amahl S. Drake, Ithica, New York
James C. Killman, Sherman, Texas
David M. Laida, Sierra Vista, Arizona
Arthur J. Morgan, New York, N. Y.
A. V. Shaver, Winchester, Virginia
Paul Simons, Sheboygan, Wis.
Eric W. Six, Iowa City, Iowa
John B. Theiss, Tucson, Arizona
Dennis Wildfogel, Pomona, N.J.
One anonymous

     Stellar Donors
George L. Douglass, II, Reno, Nevada
David C. Halley, Colonial Hts., Virginia
Paul Simons, Sheboygan, Wis.
John Teetor, Marion, Ohio
C.L. Turnage, Camarillo, California

     Cosmic Donors
Two anonymous

COSMIC SEARCH, published by a non-profit scientific-educational organization, has been granted tax-exempt status by the Internal Revenue Service, so contributions are tax-deductible (but subscriptions are not). On a combination donation-subscription or donation-renewal, the amount over and above the magazine cost is tax deductible. For example, if a donor sends $30 (qualifying as a "Planetary Donor") and includes a two-year subscription at $18, the $12 difference is tax-deductible.

Donation categories are as follows:
     Planetary: $30 per year
     Stellar: $100 per year
     Galactic: $500 per year
     Cosmic: $1000 per year

Contributions, however, will be gratefully accepted in any amount. Checks should be made payable to Cosmic Quest, Inc., P.O. Box 293, Delaware, Ohio 43015.



Astronomical Unit:
A unit of length equal to the distance of the earth from the sun, about 150 million kilometers.

A unit of frequency equal to one cycle per second.

The most abundant element in the universe. It radiates naturally at a wavelength of 21 centimeters.

Kelvin degrees:
Absolute temperature measured in the celsius scale. Ten degrees kelvin equals ten degrees celsius above absolute zero.

The distance traveled by light in one year, about 10 trillion kilometers.

The entire universe

The universe in miniature

A shift toward the longer wavelengths of the optical spectrum due to recessional velocity (Doppler effect).

An acronym for Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence.

The ultimate structure which contains us, our galaxy and all other galaxies.

Miscellaneous Quotes

The following quotes are not directly associated with any article.

Quotes on inside back cover

Ozma Revisited
(with apologies to Dr. Doolittle)

If we could talk to the Aliens
Just imagine it
Gabbing all throughout the Galaxy;
Imagine chatting with a creature
Who lives near Tau Ceti
What a neat achievement that would be.

If we communed through the Universe
Via ultra-cee
Think how fantastic it would seem;
We might postulate a pulsar
Broadcasting beyond light-speed,
Or modulate a tight tachyon beam.

We might converse
By 21-centimeter wavelength
Exchanging verse
With chaps light-years away;
And if they ask, "Can you
Speak telepathically?"
We'd say emphatically,
"Some day!"

If we could talk to the Aliens,
Learn their languages,
Maybe take a course to learn ETese;
We'd study languages celestial
From profs extra-terrestrial
On radio beamed here from Antares.

We'd study every living creature's language,
And even some
Of whom we're not so sure;
And if asked, "Do you
Speak veg and mineral?"
We'd say "Indeed, we will,
If they concur."

If we consulted with multipeds
Think of all we'd learn
Inquiring about their society;
We'd hear homilies from hive-minds;
And allegories, all kinds,
From flora and fauna microscopically.

If we sent codes to crustaceans
The advantages
Any one on earth could plainly scan,
Exchanging platitudes with plasmas
And sentient miasmas
That's a big step forward for all Man.

And we are sure every sentient,
Man and Alien,
Certainly would sense it as a plus
If we could talk to the Aliens
Speak to the Aliens,
Esp or psi or grok with the Aliens
And they would talk to us!

    Arlan Keith Andrews, Sr.

The Year 3000 Looks Back at the Launching of the Space Shuttle

Once humans thought their home was Earth,
And everything beyond those walls
Of familiar blue was foreign;
But someone opened a door
And stepped outside, and now
Our house is larger than at first:
Now we call our home the universe.

    Don Lago


Way out in space further than you can ponder,
Where the cosmos ends and there is no yonder,
Is a quasar so strong and bright
It bends your mind right out-of-sight.

Beginning eons ere the earth was born,
In a cosmos void and all forlorn,
Came a horrendous blast of fire and flame
And thereafter the heavens were never the same.

Now the quasar was a white-hot ball of fire
Flying at light-speed across a vast empire,
Spinning around like a spaced-out dervish
And sending out waves both straight and curvish.

It's bigger than a billion suns,
It's very old but it runs and runs,
It's speeding faster than a million jets,
And it's size even tops all the U.S. debts.

It's a quasar of great fame,
O-Q-1-7-2 is its name.

    Sedgewick Seti

The more we learn,
The more we learn,
How little we learn.

    John A. Wheeler


Why would so great a firmament
Create itself for us
And move its solar systems out
In perfect harmony
To monitor both time and space
Of relative pursuit
A carnival of moons and stars
That we alone enjoy?

Some alien intellects must know
Dimensions we cannot
Yet comprehend in terms like theirs
To learn which paths to plot.
Our time will come, it doubtless must
An Einstein guarantee
If E but equals MC2
In heaven's astronomy.

    Fay B. White


Copyright © 1981-2006 Big Ear Radio Observatory, North American AstroPhysical Observatory (NAAPO), and Cosmic Quest, Inc.
Designed by Jerry Ehman.
Last modified: June 12, 2006.