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North American AstroPhysical Observatory (NAAPO)

Issue 3 Cover

Cosmic Search: Issue 3
(Volume 1 Number 3; Summer 1979)
[Miscellaneous items found throughout the magazine]

Information About the Publication
(Editorial Board, Editors, Table of Contents)

Graphic of Cosmic Search Logo

Editors, and Others Involved in the Publication

Editor: John Kraus, Director, Ohio State University Radio Observatory.

Co-Editor: Mirjana R. Gearhart, Research Astronomer, Ohio State University Radio Observatory.

Co-Editor: Robert S. Dixon, Assistant Director, Ohio State University Radio Observatory

Business Manager: Sylvia Raub

Subscription Manager: Janet Stevens

Controller: Lesly Arnold

Assistants: David Raub, Norman Gearhart, Alice Kraus, Harold DeVries, Ann Cole, Janice Kraus, Richard Arnold, Wendy McKenna, Jerry Ehman

Editorial Board

  • Richard Berendzen, University Provost, The American University
  • John Billingham, Director SETI Program, NASA-AMES Research Center
  • Ronald Bracewell, Director, Radio Astronomy Observatory, Stanford University
  • Thomas A. Clark, NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Arthur C. Clarke, Sri Lanka, author of "2001, A Space Odyssey"
  • Norman Cousins, Chairman, Editorial Board, SATURDAY REVIEW
  • Frank D. Drake, Director, National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center (Arecibo), Cornell University
  • Robert E. Edelson, SETI Project Manager, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology
  • Donald S. Hall, Director, Strasenburgh Planetarium, Rochester, New York; Past President, International Planetarium Society
  • Theodore M. Hesburgh, President, University of Notre Dame
  • Nikolai Kardashev, Space Research Institute, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, USSR
  • Philip Morrison, Physics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Bernard Oliver, Vice President, Hewlett-Packard Company; Director of NASA-Ames Cyclops Project
  • Cyril Ponnamperuma, Director, Laboratory of Chemical Evolution, University of Maryland
  • Martin Rees, Director, Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge University, England
  • Carl Sagan, Director, Laboratory for Planetary Studies, Cornell University
  • Walter Sullivan, Science Editor, New York Times
  • Vasevolod S. Troitsky, Radiophysical Scientific Research Institute, Gorky, USSR
  • Sebastian von Hoerner, National Radio Astronomy Observatory


COSMIC SEARCH is published by Cosmic-Quest, Inc. Copyright © 1979 by Cosmic-Quest, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cosmic Quest, Inc., is a private non-profit organization dedicated to the promotion and support of SETI endeavors.

Subscription price: $12 for 6 issues in U.S. (and possessions), $16 elsewhere. Single copies: $2.50 in U.S. (and possessions), $3 elsewhere.

Address subscriptions and all other correspondence to: Radio Observatory, Box 293, Delaware, Ohio 43015.

Application to mail at second-class postage rates is pending at Delaware, Ohio, and at additional mailing offices.

Summer issue

This third issue of COSMIC SEARCH is a summer issue. The fourth issue is planned for September. Since there will be fewer than six issues for 1979, subscriptions will be automatically extended so that subscribers will still receive 6 issues for a one year subscription and 12 issues for a two year subscription.

The Covers (front and back):

Front Cover Image Back Cover Image
The Covers: The Fermilab near Batavia, Illinois, with the 2 kilometer diameter synchrotron accelerator (front cover) and the 2.2 kilometer diameter Super Protron Synchrotron of the Center for European Nuclear Research (CERN) at Geneva, Switzerland (back cover). Both have the capability for generating large numbers of neutrinos as discussed in this issue's article by Pasachoff and Kutner.

Table of Contents (in magazine)

Neutrinos for Interstellar Communication by Jay M. Pasachoff and Marc L. Kutner2
Extraterrestrial Politics by Michael A. G. Michaud11
Bio-Cosmology: A New NASA Thrust by B. M. Oliver16
Minds and Millenia: The Psychology of Interstellar Communication by Michael A. Arbib21
We Wait and Wonder by John Kraus31
Extraterrestrial Life: Where is Everybody? by Jesco von Puttkamer43
       GlossaryInside Front Cover
       Next Issues10
       With the Editors10
       Editorial by the Washington Post15
       The SenTInel (SETI News)26
       ABCs of SPACE36
       In Review40
       SETI Popular Topic in Colleges41
       Off the Shelf42
       Summertime Wisdom48

With the editors—

With the support of our distinguished Editorial Board, we have set a high goal, to produce a popular yet authoritative, responsible new magazine dealing with a very important, exciting idea. We are striving for a magazine of an educational-scientific type that is easily understood and fun to read. We believe that the first issues approach these aims and the excellent material we have for coming issues should help us to do even better.

The magazine now has about three thousand subscriptions but we really need several times as many to put the magazine on a self-sustaining basis. You can help by urging others to subscribe, extending your own subscription or by making a donation (see "Donors Needed" in next column [below]).

As you know, the magazine is published by Cosmic-Quest, Inc. a non-profit, educational-scientific corporation which a small group of us organized to promote SETI endeavors, With the exception of Janet Stevens, Subscription Manager, a part-time hourly employee, we and the rest of the staff are unpaid volunteers with full-time responsibilities not related to the magazine. It has not been easy for such a small group to publish a magazine like COSMIC SEARCH but what we lack in size we make up for in dedication and hard work.

We greatly appreciate the many letters of comment and encouragement we have received. Please keep them coming.

    —Mirjana R. Gearhart, John Kraus and Robert S. Dixon

Donors Needed

Donations are needed to help COSMIC SEARCH continue. Donations may be made as follows:

    Planetary: $30 per year
    Stellar: $100 per year
    Galactic: $500 per year
    Cosmic: $1000 per year

Payments should be made to Cosmic-Quest, Inc., Box 293, Delaware, Ohio, 43015.

You may designate $12 of the amount for a six issue subscription making the remainder hopefully eligible for tax-deductible status as explained below. Galactic and Cosmic Donor-Subscribers will receive the magazine via first-class mail. We wish to list donors by name and city in COSMIC SEARCH unless you request otherwise.

Note re tax: COSMIC SEARCH is published by Cosmic-Quest, incorporated as a non-profit, educational-scientific organization under the laws of the State of Ohio. An application for tax-exempt status has been filed with the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) but until an IRS ruling has been received we cannot advise you that your contribution is tax deductible. However, we hope to be able to report on the matter in COSMIC SEARCH before you file your tax returns for the year.

  • "The Possibilities of SETI from Space" by Roy Basler
  • "Cosmic Languages" byHans Freudenthal
  • "A Hymn to Life in the Universe" by Don Lago
  • "Strategies of Searching for Extraterrestrial Civilizations" by Nikolai Kardashev
  • "Quest Beyond the Stars: Are We Alone?" by Jesco von Puttkamer
  • "The Grand Analogy: History of the Idea of Extraterrestrial Life" by Trudy Bell
  • "Space Travel and Life" by E. J. Öpik
  • "Chief Entities" by I. J. Good
  • "Not as We Know It" by Isaac Asimov
  • FORUM:
    • Interview with scientist-philosopher John Archibald Wheeler on "Albert Einstein, Nils Bohr, Teaching and the Relationship of Art and Science"
    • Interview with NASA's SETI Director John Billingham on "SETI"
  • ABCs of Space will explain in simple terms:
    • Three Degrees (The Big Bang Background)
    • Doppler Shifts (Wavelengths are relative. The red shift)
    • Radio Telescopes (What do they hear?)
  • More SEnTlnel news reports, "Off the Shelf" books and other special features.



Astronomical Unit:
A unit of length equal to the distance of the earth from the sun, about 150 million kilometers.

The wavelength or frequency range to which a receiver responds. Bandwidths can be described as narrow or wide, according to their range.

Big Bang:
The beginning event in the Universe. The explosion of this primordial fireball some 15 billion years ago caused the initial outward expansion of gas and dust which formed the universe.

Blackbody radiation:
Hypothetically radiation which is perfect; that is, all incident radiation is absorbed and re-emitted.

An acronym for Communication with Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence.

Doppler Shift:
The resulting frequency change caused by the relative motion along a line of sight between two observers.

Dyson Sphere:
Shells built around stars by advanced civilizations. These objects are hypothesized by Princeton astronomer Freeman Dyson. These spheres might be detected by our astronomies as infrared sources.

The energy acquired by an electron moving through a potential difference of one volt.

The study of extraterrestrial life forms.

A large system of stars. Our galaxy, the Milky Way, is a spiral galaxy containing some 100,000 million stars, 100,000 light years in diameter and 10,000 light years thick.

A unit of frequency equal to 1,000 million hertz.

A unit of frequency equal to one cycle per second.

The most abundant element in the universe. It radiates naturally at a wavelength of 21 centimeters.

Infrared radiation:
Radiation whose emitted wavelengths are longer (redder) than those seen by the human eye, but shorter than radio wavelengths.

Kelvin degrees:
Absolute temperature measured in the celsius scale. Ten degrees kelvin equals ten degrees celsius above absolute zero.

Lagrangian points:
Five points (designated Ll, L2, L3, L4, and L5) in the plane of orbit of two mutually orbiting bodies where a third body, of relatively small mass, can remain in equilibrium with respect to the other two bodies.

Light Year:
The distance traveled by light in one year, about 10 trillion kilometers.

Light (speed of):
In empty space: 300,000 kilometers per second.

A sensitive amplifying device employing energy jumps of atomic particles.

A unit of frequency equal to one million hertz.

Microwave radiation:
Radiation in the short-wave radio spectrum having a wavelength range between 1 and 30 centimeters.

An elementary atomic particle of mass intermediate between an electron and a proton.

One billionth of a second.

A proton or a neutron, especially in the nucleus of an atom.

Radio Astronomy:
The science of making astronomical observations using instruments sensitive to radio wavelengths.

A shift toward the longer wavelengths of the optical spectrum due to recessional velocity (the Doppler effect).

An acronym for Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence.

Ultra-violet radiation:
Radiation whose emitted wavelengths are shorter (more violet) than those to which the eye is sensitive, but longer than x-rays.


For best papers on SETI

    Category 1. Undergraduate students
    Category 2. Graduate students
    Category 3. Anyone else under 30 years of age
Papers may be on any aspect of the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI). Papers must be double-spaced typewritten with one inch margins on 8 1/2 by 11 inch bond paper and less than 2000 words in length. Any illustrations must be clearly executed.

Authors of best papers will be given a SEARCH AWARD of $100 and the paper will be published in COSMIC SEARCH. Authors should include their full address and telephone number. Authors should enclose a self-addressed stamped envelope if they wish to have their manuscripts returned. Manuscripts accepted and published are copyrighted and become the property of COSMIC SEARCH magazine.

Manuscripts may be submitted at any time. Their review is a continuous, on-going process. Each article received is reviewed by a special committee and if judged worthy, either in its original form or after revisions, will be given a SEARCH AWARD. The opinion of the committee is final.

A contestant may submit and have under review only one manuscript at a time and be eligible for only one SEARCH AWARD in one category. However, it is possible for one person to achieve SEARCH AWARDS sequentially in each of the three categories.

Address SEARCH AWARD Committee, Radio Observatory, P.O. Box 293, Delaware, Ohio 43015.


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Solution to March 1979 Puzzle

Miscellaneous Quotes

The following quotes are not directly associated with any article. They are listed here in the order in which they appear in the magazine; page numbers are given. Uncredited quotes should be credited to the Editors of COSMIC SEARCH magazine.

Quote on page 9

"The invariable mark of wisdom is to see the miraculous in the common."
    Ralph Waldo Emerson

Quotes on page 41

        The Curvature of Space

    An astronomer named Mace
    Peered so far into space,
    He was amazed to see
    What sure seemed to be
    The back of astronomer Mace.
        — Sedgewick Seti

"Are life and mind irrelevant to the structure of the universe — or are they central to it?" John Archibald Wheeler in the American Scientist.

Quote on page 48

        Summertime Wisdom
        by Ken Cottrell

    In the season of winter a wise man came
    With words quite convincing, our cause to defame.
    "Prideful vanity! The most endless quest!
    Why not let the heavens rest
    From your hopeless, irrelevant probing?

    Some of your number in anguish have said,
    'Where one question's answered ten others are bred.'
    Why not direct your talents instead
    To pursuits which are not so confusing?

    Astronomers are mortal. They cannot discern
    The model on which infinities turn.
    When will arrogant mankind learn
    That God resists such striving?

    Are you not aware of the homeless and poor?
    Has it escaped your attention that we face the last war?
    Why go on considering fanciful theory-worlds more
    When you know that this real one could be dying?"

    Then a summertime wise man chanced by our door
    With words more convincing than the wise man before.
    "Press on good explorers of the cosmic main.
    Never heed the voices of scorn and disdain
    While pristine Edens go hopelessly begging.

    No question posed will you fail to resolve
    From the primal explosion to how planets evolve.
    By your unyielding efforts all mysteries dissolve.
    The veil of 'forever' is rising.

    The unitive power of your glorious art
    Transcends the walls which hold nations apart.
    We shall know that brotherhood decreed by the heart,
    Our souls released for true loving.

    By your findings the earth is illumined with grace
    Subtly inspiring our fear-ravaged race
    To shatter this prison of time and of space,
    To attain a new order of being."

    Miscellaneous Photos

    The following photo is not directly associated with any article. It is shown on this webpage at a relatively small size; click on it to obtain a larger size version.

    Photo on Outside Back Cover
    Outside Back Cover Photo

    Miscellaneous Graphics

    The following graphic is not directly associated with any article.

    Graphic on page 20


Copyright © 1979-2005 Big Ear Radio Observatory, North American AstroPhysical Observatory (NAAPO), and Cosmic Quest, Inc.
Designed by Jerry Ehman.
Last modified: December 29, 2005.